25 October 2015

Children and Fasting

Sherrie W

Someone brought up the topic of children and fasting online and someone responded with great advice from Shaykh Ubaid Al-Jabiri, alhamdulillah, so I thought I would share it here as well as Ramadan draws near.  In the question to the scholar below, someone asks about a woman who made her two year old fast.  This brought to mind of an incident my cowife related to me about a  woman in her home country of Morocco who had a little girl and made her fast and the girl repeatedly asked her mother for something to eat throughout the day, but the mother told her to just try to hold on a little longer, a little longer, and subhanAllah, later that day the little girl passed away as a result of the fasting.

Benefit: Chart - Who Fasting Is and Isn't Incumbent Upon

Training Children for Worship

Al-Rubay’ bint Mu’awwidh – Allah be pleased with her – said while describing how the Prophet – Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – told them to fast ‘Âshûrâ:
We used to make toys out of dyed wool for the children and keep them with us so if the children asked us for food we would give them the toys to distract them until they completed their fast. Sahîh Muslim. A similar narration is also in Sahîh Al-Bukhârî.
Al-Nawawî states in his commentary on Sahîh Muslim:
In this narration we are shown that children should be trained to do acts of obedience and made used to doing worship; although they are not legally bound.


Oh Shaykh, You find from the women those who make their child fast and the child is only two years of age. They use as a proof for this, that the Salaf used to make the young children fast. What are your comments upon this?

Answer by Shaykh Ubaid Al-Jabiri:

That which I am aware of from which the scholars have mentioned, is that the young child should be commanded to fast, if they are able to handle it. I believe that they intend by this the child who has reached the age of discretion (tamyeez) or those above that, those who are (approx.) 8 or 9 years of age because they are said to be able to handle it. The child is commanded with acts of worship when he reaches the age of discretion. This is as training and to get him accustomed to it so he may know the acts of worship like the prayer and fasting.
As for the woman making the child fast and they are two years of age then this is a mistake. I don’t know any example of this from the actions of the Salaf. I hope that you convey my Salaams to them. And I advise them to fear Allah as it pertains to their children. For, verily the child who is two will suffer harm from fasting and he has no intellect to allow him to be commanded. That which is reported upon the Salaf is that the child should be commanded, and the like of him, (the two year old) will not be able to comprehend a command or prohibition. Those women making their children (the like of this age) fast are committing a monstrous mistake.
I fear that if the baby was to die, due to the mother making him fast, she caused this and no doubt she is a sinner. I hold that she caused this and she has to pay blood money and “Kafarah” expiation.
Shaykh Ubaid Al-Jabiri


Lessons on Fasting for Kids
  • Fasting in Ramadan for Kids - lessons for kids from Authentic-Translations.com" - This article contains translations in very simple English and thus is intended for younger readers or anyone simply wanting a smooth reading article."

09 July 2015

Intention to Fast Ramadan

Sherrie W

The following question was presented to the world renowned scholar of fiqh Ash-Shaykh Muhammad ibn Salih Al Uthaymin may Allah be merciful to him.

Q: Does every (single) day that is fasted during Ramadan necessitate a (renewed) intent or is it sufficient to intend to fast the entire month?

A: One intention at the beginning of Ramadan is sufficient. That's because the fasting person if he does not renew his intent each day (the night before) then surely that was his intent at the beginning of the month. However if there is a break in fasting during the month due to traveling or sickness and whatever is similar to that, then renewal of the intention is made binding upon him, due to the intent being broken by abandonment of the fast due to traveling or a sickness etc.

Translated by Najeeb ibn Yusuf Al Anjelesi/Source Yahoo Salafi Group

23 June 2015

Sit and Read These Beneficial Works With Your Family This Ramadan

Sherrie W
If you are looking for something to share with your family during Ramadan, here are a few great resources that you can sit down and read together as a family, in shaa Allah.

Sittings in the Blessed Month of Ramadan 

(Sheikh Muhammed Bin Salih Al Uthaimeen), is a set of 30 duroos (lessons).

  • Download  (searchable PDF. This is an abridged form. It does contain 30 duroos but they are shortened in this 87 page pdf). We read from this copy last Ramadan.  
  • If you would like to purchase a  hard copy of the full book (282 pages) you can do so via Amazon (affiliate link) and another physical copy is available at Authentic Statements (328 pages) and also at Rimarket.net.

30 Lessons in Fasting – Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan

  • Download page (Masjid Tawheed wa Sunnah) . Separate PDF Files (lesson 27 is missing)

Fasting from Alif to Yaa: A Day by Day Guide to Making the Most of Ramadhaan

This is a wonderful book for adults and to share with the kids during Ramadan. There are lessons on a Ramadan/Islamic topic that starts with each of the letters of the Arabic alphabet. In addition, there is a Family Time section that shares a story or lesson and then gives ideas for kids' activities and on some days, there is a recipe idea to go along with the topic that was studied. I am taking sister Umm Mujaahid's Making the Most of Ramadhan class and she is using this book (she is the author as well). I share the lessons with my older children  later in the day. 
You can purchase it from Amazon (affiliate link). 

If you want to join the class (sisters only) for free, you can stop by here, in shaa Allah.

18 June 2015

Our Ramadan Kickoff Meeting 2015

Sherrie W

Last night, we had our Ramadan kickoff meeting and it went better than expected, maa shaa Allah, considering that I was putting together what we were going to talk about in the hour or so right before.

I wanted to share what we did here, not only to help me in coming years (bi-ithnillah), but also in case someone else found it useful.

We prayed salaatul maghrib and then had the meeting afterward.

I went over the basics: that Ramadan is the ninth month in the Islamic calendar (I then quizzed the kids on the order/names of the Islamic months).  For my younger children, I briefly went over what a day of fasting was like (mostly talking about suhoor and breaking the fast).

Why Do We Fast the Month of Ramadan?
Then I asked my younger son how did we know that we were supposed to fast. He said that it told us in the Quraan. Perfect, alhamdulillah! Because what I had planned next was for us to read the ayaat that contain the command to fast (2:183-185). I read them in Arabic first, and then one of my daughters read it in English.

Umar's Instructions on the First Night of Ramadan
As I mentioned, I was putting together our "agenda" at the last minute and I jumped on FB before I got started and a friend of mine had posted this gem and I read it to the kids.

It is reported that on the first night of Ramadân, ‘Umar – Allâh be pleased with him – would pray Maghrib, then say (to the people):Sit down. Then he would give a small address: Verily the fasting of this month has been made a duty upon you, and standing in night prayer has not been made a duty upon you, but those amongst you who can stand in prayer should do so, for it is from the extra good deeds about which Allâh told us: so whoever cannot stand in prayer, let him sleep on his bed.And beware of saying: I will fast if so and so fasts and I will stand in night prayer if so and so stands in prayer. Whoever fasts or stands in night prayer, he must make this for Allâh. And you should know that you are in prayer as long as you are waiting for a prayer.Minimize any vain or false speech in the houses of Allâh (mosques; he said this two or three times). Let none of you fast a few days before the month (in order to avoid missing the beginning of the month; he said this three times). And do not fast until you see [the crescent of the new month] unless it is overcast. If it is overcast, count [the previous month] as 30 days. Then do not break your fasts until you see the night upon the mountain (i.e. you are sure the sun has set).‘Abd Al-Razzâq Al-San’ânî, Al-Musannaf article 7748.

Source: https://www.sayingsofthesalaf.net/umars-instructions-on-the-first-night-of-ramadan/  

We also briefly discussed the night prayer after reading the above selection and I encouraged everyone to try to pray it and that it was an odd number of rakaat.

In addition, my friend had also posted this and we read this next:

Sulaymân b. Mûsâ [d119H] – Allah have mercy on him – said:When you fast, your hearing and sight should also fast, and your tongue should fast by keeping away from lies; and do not harm your servant. Don’t let the day you fast be the same as the day you don’t fast.Târîkh Dimishq Vol. 22 p389.

This one was perfect because I really did want to stress that we needed to make our Ramadan days different than our regular days.

Beginning and Ending the Fast
Next, we talked about suhoor and breaking the fast:

  • What time Fajr comes in (so we could determine what time to get up for suhoor) and I instructed every one to make sure they set alarms on their phones or whatnot.
  • We also talked about what was available for them to prepare for suhoor (most of my kids are old enough to prepare their own). We also talked about getting enough water before the fast begins. In addition we talked about how we must stop eating when the adhaan of Fajr is called.
  • I reminded them that it is from the sunnah to hasten breaking the fast (next  year I would find and read the hadith pertaining to this, in shaa Allah). 
  • What to break the fast with - dates and water is from the sunnah (again, I would provide them with a hadith on this next time around, in shaa Allah).
Our Fasting Day
Next we talked about what our day should be like and I gave examples of some activities we could do:
  • memorize a new surah
  • read quraan (independently and also as a group, sitting in a circle)
  • read Islamic stories (such as those of the prophets)
  • read Islamic scholarly articles
  • Listen to Islamic lectures (a sister turned me onto Troid.ca Radio's Ramadan Shuffle where Islamic lectures are played 24 hours a day during the whole month of Ramadan!
  • Memorize other ayaat from the Quraan (such as the command to fast :2183-185)
  • Have an Islamic studies class/lesson
  • Memorize an hadith or hadiths
  • Memorize a duaa
  • Learn the meaning of a thikr in the prayer
  • Increase in ibaadah such as praying voluntary prayers
  • Write in a Ramadan journal, or write to a Ramadan themed writing prompt
We didn't get around to it, but I also thought it would be a good idea to make up a schedule at that time (but in shaa Allah, we'll do one later as we see what our Ramadan days will be like. Sometimes it is hard to make out a schedule in advance and we just play it by ear until we get into a rhythm.

Ramadan Goals
After going over different things that we could do in the day, I gave them an assignment to choose some Ramadan goals and that they should be prepared to share them with me at our meeting the next day, in shaa Allah. 

Last year, I made up some paper medal ribbons and had everyone write some goals on their own ribbon and then we posted the medals on the wall. We also made up some family goals:

I printed them out on neon colored cardstock and we made a little display on the wall.

This year, I told them that I wanted us all to set three goals:
  1. a goal to memorize a surah or some ayaat of the quraan (i.e. command to fast ayaat)
  2. a goal to increase in worship (such as choosing a voluntary prayer or prayers to make)
  3. a goal to memorize a duaa or, if needed, a thikr that is said in the prayer (tashahhud, sending salaat, seeking refuge in 4 things). If they know the thikr of the prayer already, they could make sure that they know the meaning of it.
What Breaks the Fast
Then, we discussed what breaks the fast. I would have loved to go through my Does it Break the Fast worksheet for the older kids or my Does it Break the Fast sorting activity for the younger kids, but I didn't want to stretch out things to long, so we briefly went over DuSunnah's Important Questions About Fasting in Ramadan/Does it Break the Fast printable.  

Sighting the Moon
At this point, we broke up our meeting and a few of us went outside to sight the moon. Well, it was well before Ishaa and the moon was not visible so we planned on going out later to try again and if we saw it we would recite the duaa for sighting the crescent moon. (Iman's Homeschool blog has an adorable coloring page with the duaa on it). We went out a second time, but did not see the moon. 

So that was our meeting and despite me putting it together virtually minutes before, it went really well, the kids seemed to enjoy it and for me, it really got us more into the Ramadan mood, alhamdulillah.

17 June 2015

Prevent Summer Math Slide This Ramadan

Sherrie W

Many homeschoolers will stop schooling of secular subjects during Ramadan and focus on increasing their ibaadah and learning more about their deen during Ramadan.

Yet others, may opt for a reduced secular load, but may still include activities in language and math.

Since Ramadan is in the summer this year (as it has been for the past several years), it coincides with that period that can often result in the summer slide (loss of academic skills over the summer break) and you may feel as if you still want your kids to do some kind of math work over the summer, even during Ramadan.

If so, I've rounded up a collection of summer math review packets that students can work on for just a little bit each day.

They are arranged by the year that the student has just completed, so for example, 1st grade resources are for kids that have just completed first grade.









Sites with  Multiple Grade Levels

In addition, I've got a few Ramadan Math themed activities/worksheets

13 June 2015

32 Things You Can Put in a Ramadan Journal

Sherrie W
If you've gotten a chance to browse TJ Ramadan, you may have seen my Ramadan Journal templates with activities and prompts to get kids engaged. These are especially helpful for kids for whom starting fresh with a blank page is stressful.

But if you've got kids who like to do their own thing,  you can simply have them create their own, personalized journal by making their own cover (Let them make it on cardstock for a sturdier book) and adding blank paper inside and turn them loose.

My oldest daughter made a few Ramadan journals of her own over the years.

If you want to give free style journals a chance this year, here are 32 ideas to get those creative juices flowing:

  1. Introductory page/note to yourself about how many years you have fasted, what you hope this Ramadan will be like, what you want to accomplish or do, special plans you may have
  2. Table of contents
  3. Fasting tracker (record the days you fasted and days you missed)
  4. Quraan reading tracker
  5. Laylatul Qadr/TaraweehTracker
  6. 5 daily prayers tracker
  7. Ramadan goals
  8. Ramadan calendar
  9. Moon observation tracker/journal
  10. Dear Diary/Journal style dated entries
  11. List of good deeds you can do
  12. List of things that break the fast
  13. List of merits of fasting
  14. Coloring pages/artwork
  15. Recipes of things you made during Ramadan or would like to make
  16. Pictures of crafts you have made during Ramadan
  17. Ramadan artwork that you have created
  18. Ramadan ahadith and duaas(copywork or graphics)
  19. Things you ate for suhoor/iftaar(list or drawing)
  20. List of things you did during the day (list or drawing)
  21. List of good deeds you did during the day (list or drawing)
  22. Write down special memories
  23. Write down medical problems you had during the day
  24. Track how much water you drank between maghrib and fajr
  25. Notes or notebooking pages on specific Ramadan topics
  26. Pictures of Ramadan lapbook that you may have made
  27. Times you woke up and went to sleep each day
  28. Thoughts on how your fasting day went/what you need to work on
  29. Ramadan daily planner pages
  30. Notes from Ramadan lectures/classes
  31. Duaas you want to make
  32. Responses to Ramadan Writing Prompts

Do you have other ideas for a Ramadan journal?
Please share in the comments section!

11 June 2015

Help Al Maun Fund Help Others This Ramadan (and beyond)

Sherrie W

Al Maun Fund is an Islamic charitable organization that has helped my family in the past in a time of need. Their website is down and they need financial assistance in getting it back up as an avenue of helping others.

"The website for Al Maun Fund is down. We need $100.00 get it back up. We are also in need of donations as we get many requests for food, Qur'ans, clothing and baby needs especially during Ramadan. Just this morning we received a request from a family of five. They are approaching Ramadan with no funds to purchase food items for suhoor and dinner.
Please circulate this and donate today insha'allah! Be a ray of sunshine in someone's life today!"

Donations can be made to maunfundorg@gmail.com via Paypal, or a check or money order sent to:

Al Maun Fund
POB 7691
Atlantic City, NJ 08404-7691

 photo yellow-ruler_zpstf30f6qm.png

05 June 2015

Lessons on Fasting for Young Children from IslamTheBasics

Sherrie W
If you have small children and are looking for resources to teach them about Ramadan and fasting, you won't want to miss IslamTheBasics' set of 4 ebooks/lessons. I read them today (and yesterday) with my kids. They are so adorable, the pictures have no faces, and they cover a lot of concepts related to fasting during Ramadan.

You can access them via their "Children Under Six Lessons" page (but they are great for kids  slightly older than six as well). Scroll down all the way to the end of the page to find the lessons under "Fasting."

We really enjoyed the lessons.

7 Things To Do To Prepare Kids For Ramadan

Sherrie W
7 Things to To Do to Prepare Kids for Ramadan

Regardless of whether all of your children are fasting during Ramadan, there are many things that you can do to get them (and the rest of the family) excited about and prepared for observing Ramadan.

Here are a few for starters......

Make a Ramadan Bulletin Board!

At our house, things get moving in the Ramadan direction by getting crafty and putting up a Ramadan Bulletin Board. It makes the house more festive and provides a great central point for keeping important information handy, and displaying wonderful Ramadan artwork. It can also serve as an interactive learning/review center.

Visit TJ Ramadan's Bulletin Board center to get ideas and printables to make your Ramadan board.
...and remember to make it a family activity!

Review Ramadan and Fasting

Got young ones fasting for the first time? Kids need review? Here are some resources to help introduce or review Ramadan to/with kids.

A Day of Fasting (TJ PowerPoint)

My Little Ramadan Primer

Download My Little Ramadan Primer - a little book I made for my kids to learn about Ramadan and fasting.

Read Ramadan Articles/Fatawa

Make Ramadan lapbooks/notebooks

Visit TJ Ramadan's Lapbook section for links to lapbooks around the 'net and ideas for lapbooking/notebooking

Let Kids Help You Plan and Serve Ramadan Meals

Review/learn about the phases of the moon

Get science and Islamic Studies in by teaching about the phases of the moon.

  • Keep a moon sighting journal to make a hands on activity so that kids can countdown til Ramadan.
  • Make Crescent Cookies to go along with your studies.
  • Visit TJ's Moon Phases Page to find resources to teach about the moon phases:
    • Moon phase lessons/plans, activities, worksheets
    • Moon phase journals/diaries
    • Moon phase telescopes

Plan your Ramadan Schedule Together

Have kids set goals for Ramadan and work on good behavior

As Ramadan approaches, what a great time to teach kids goal setting skills by making Ramadan goals....

Read a juz a day? Learn the Arabic alphabet during Ramadan? Go to Taraweeh prayers. Fast a certain number of days (young kids)

  • Teach your kids to write down their goals and track them. Make a Ramadan goal book or post goals on your Ramadan Bulletin Board

Check out TJ Ramadan's Ramadan Goals page for charts and ideas for setting Ramadan Goals.

Start a Ramadan journal

Make/decorate a Ramadan journal book or Check out TJ Ramadan's Journals Page to find and print out journal templates from TJ Ramadan and around the 'net) and put in a binder or make construction paper covers and decorate. Kids can write about and reflect upon how their Ramadan days were spent.

Making the Most of Ramadhan Sisters' Class

Sherrie W
Making the Most of Ramadhaan Class1436

In sha Allah, Umm Mujaahid will be back with her sisters only Wiziq Making the Most of Ramadhaan class. I've attended this class for the past 2 or 3 Ramadans and it has been really beneficial.  Enrollment is now open for the class.

Description from the site:  29-day course Fasting from Alif to Yaa: The first class, Fasting from Alif to Yaa, begins at 10:00 AM CST. Taught by Umm Mujaahid, Khadijah Bint Lacina Al-Amreekeeyah, the class covers both religious and practical matters related to perfecting one's worship during Ramadhaan. Points addressed include: Taraaweeh prayers, supplications, beginning and breaking the fast, Zakaat Al-Fitr, safeguarding the limbs, heedlessness and controlling anger, having high aspirations, and much more. Based upon authentic knowledge from the Qur'aan and Sunnah with the explanation of the scholars. 
There is also a Quraan class which follows it, in shaa Allah.

If you have trouble finding the course at Wiziq , you may try contacting Umm Mujaahid at the Taalib al-Ilm Facebook page or visit the Taalib al-Ilm site (which is current undergoing maintenance and I'm not sure when it will be back up. 

This is the book that is used in the class. 

The first year I took the class, she provided us with the ebook for free, alhamdulillah. I do not remember if she did so in subsequent years. You can purchase the ebook through the link (affiliate) above.

About the book; (from the author)

"contains additional daily points of benefit to teach one how to live Islaam as a way of life. Plus, it contains stories of the Prophets and Messengers including activities for the whole family to enjoy and benefit from for each day of Ramadhaan. Some of the Prophets and Messengers covered include Aadam, Ibraaheem, Lut, Yusuf, Sulaymaan, Shu’ayb, Moosa, Zakariyyah, Muhammad, and more! As well as recipes for foods enjoyed by Muslims around the world."

It's a really neat book, it goes through each of the letters of the Arabic alphabet with a Ramadan/Islamic topic for each letter. Each topic has points of benefit, ideas for family time and recipes are scattered throughout.

Moon Phases Notebooking Page

Sherrie W

I decided on the fly to go over the phases of the moon yesterday with my 10 year old son. So of course I didn't have any visuals or anything, so I had to create my own as we went along (I'm obviously no artist, but it got the job done):

Then, I decided to work up a more lasting page to capture what we learned.

Moon Phase Notebooking Page

Then I decided to add in ayaat about the moon and its phases for us to read and reflect upon. They could also be used for copywork.

Ayaat Related to the Moon

04 June 2015

What Goes on a Ramadan Bulletin Board?

Sherrie W
Things to Put On A Ramadan Bulletin Board

A bulletin board for Ramadan is a fun way to get everyone in the mood for Ramadan. The board can also act as a great review or learning tool for Ramadan related concepts.

In addition, it can become your Ramadan control center where you post useful information (such as charts and menus) to help keep the family informed and on track for Ramadan.

Below, I've compiled a list of ideas for things to make your Ramadan bulletin board a useful tool for decorating, educating, and stimulating family members during the Ramadan "season."

Do you put up a Ramadan Bulletin Board? 

If so, what else do you include? Why not keep the ball (of ideas) rolling by sharing with others in the comment section?

Duaas for Breaking Fast?

Sherrie W
Duaas for Breaking the Fast
Source: (via Salaf us Saalih.com)

Is there any supplication reported from the Prophet sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and the Companions, may Allaah be pleased with them, at the time of breaking the fast? Should the fasting person repeat what the Mu’aththin says, or continue breaking his fast?
The supplication at the time of fasting is most likely to be answered, because it is at the end of an act of worship, and in most cases, a human self is at its weakest point just before he breaks his fast. The weaker a person is physically, and the more tender-hearted, the greater is his feeling of repentance and humility towards Allaah, the Almighty, the All-Powerful.
The supplication which is reported from the Prophet sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam is:
اللهم لك صمت و على رزقك أفطرت
(Allaahumma Laka Sumtu Wa ‘Ala Rizqika Aftartu.)
“Oh, Allaah! For Your sake I have fasted and with Your sustenance I have broken my fast.”[1]
When he broke his fast, the Prophet sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam also said:
ذهب الظمأُ، وابتلت الروق و ثبت الأجر إن شاء الله
(Thahabath-Thana’u Wabtallatil-‘Urooqu Wa Thabatal-Ajru In Sha’ Allaah.)
“Thirst has gone, the arteries are moist, and the reward is sure, if Allaah wills.”[2]
Although there may be some weakness in these two Ahadith, some of the Scholars have declared them to be Hasan; and in any case, if you supplicated using these words or any others words that came to your heart when breaking your fast, then it is most likely to be answered.
As for answering the Mu’aththin when a person is breaking his fast, it is lawful, because of the saying of the Prophet sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam:
إذا سمعتم المؤذن فقولوا مثل ما يقول
“If you hear the Mu’aththin, then say what he says.” [3]
applies to all situations, except those which there is some evidence to show otherwise.

Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih al-`Uthaymeen
Fatawa Arkaanul-Islaam, DARUSSALAM, Vol.2, p.670

03 June 2015

Liven Up Your Ramadan With a Ramadan Bulletin Board!

Sherrie W

Back in 2006, I put up our very first Ramadan Bulletin Board. It was amazing how much that got us into the Ramadan mood. I try to make one in some shape or fashion each year, inshaa Allah.

What Goes On a Ramadan Bulletin Board?
Never put up a Ramadan bulletin board before? Check out some ideas here.

Ramadan Bulletin Board Printables

Several years ago, a good friend of mine (Umm Abdul Basir) and I put together printables for a Ramadan bulletin board.

Below is an example of some of the elements that were made.

Make Ramadan "Come Alive" with a Ramadan Bulletin Board

A Ramadan bulletin board can really help get the house into a more festive mood and they are excellent learning/review tools.

You can stop by the collaborative blog of Umm Abdul Basir and I, Islamic Bulletin Boards, to download the bulletin board elements you see above and more!

Do you put up a Ramadan bulletin board?

If so, and you have pictures of it online, please leave your link in the comments section to share with others for inspiration.

Originally posted 7/25/11

Copyright 2006-2018 TJ Ramadan @ 2016, Blogger Templates Designed By Templateism | Copy Blogger Themes