The Command to Fast

Ayaah 2:183-185 tell us about Allah's command to fast the month of Ramadan.

“O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you, as it was prescribed for those before you so that you will gain piety” (2:183)

Observing Saum (fasts)] for a fixed number of days, but if any of you is ill or on a journey, the same number (should be made up) from other days. And as for those who can fast with difficulty, (e.g. an old man, etc.), they have (a choice either to fast or) to feed a Miskin (poor person) (for every day). But whoever does good of his own accord, it is better for him. And that you fast, it is better for you if only you know. (2:184)

The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Quran, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong). So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Saum (fasts) that month, and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Saum (fasts) must be made up] from other days. Allah intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you. (He wants that you) must complete the same number (of days), and that you must magnify Allah [i.e. to say Takbir (Allahu-Akbar; Allah is the Most Great) on seeing the crescent of the months of Ramadan and Shawwal] for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him. (2:185)

Below are some resources to use when teaching about why we fast the month of Ramadan.

The Command to Fast Ayaat Poster: Poster of the ayaat of the Quraan in which Allah prescribes fasting the month of Ramadan
Command to Fast Ramadan Poster

command to fast coloring page

Ayaah 2:183-185 at (Arabic text, English translation, audio)

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